Circle City Bonsai
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Care Guides

Bonsai have been known to be passed from generation to generation for many years and can live indefinitely if proper care and attention is given to them.

Light + Watering + Fertilizer = Strong Growth
PLACEMENT• Most Bonsai specimens need to acclimate to their new environment and may go thru some physical change before stabilizing.
• Bonsai need good lighting with a mix of full light and sun recommended.
• Although many species can handle full sun, it is recommended to avoid the prolonged intensity of full summer sun. We have found that a mix of full and filtered or partial sun works the best.
• An ordinary room can offer adequate warmth but nor the light or humidity levels required for strong growth.
• The recommended way to enjoy indoor Bonsai that are developed out doors is to bring them inside to display for a few days at a time then return them to their out door environment.
WATERING• The most important single factor in cultivating Bonsai is its watering routine.
• Due to the shallow pots and a shallow root system, Bonsai need frequent watering so they don't totally dry out between watering.
• The smaller the pot, the more frequently your Bonsai must be watered.
• Bonsai need more frequent watering during the growing season from spring to autumn.
• Indoor placement of Bonsai, require less watering than out door placement.
FERTILIZER• Bonsai that are not fed can survive but may not thrive.
• For best results, apply a balance of a fertilizer from spring thru autumn.
• Granules are a good choice as they take 3-4 weeks to break down.
• Use only as directed.
• All fertilizers show their analysis listed on the packaging with a ratio of the 3 main elements of essential plant nutrition.

The essential elements of plant nutrition listed in order as they ate shown on the packaging:
• 1st Number is Nitrogen (N) Promotes above grown growth
• 2nd Number is Phosphorus (P) Root development, Flowering trees, shrubs, bushes
• 3rd Number is Potassium (K) Encourages new growth
SOIL MIXTURE• Suitable requirement for a potting soil is that it should have good drainage to prevent root rot or waterlogged soil and its texture needs to be sufficiently loose to allow oxygen to circulate.
• It is not recommended to use store bough potting soil.
• Most suitable mixtures include mulch, pine bark, sand and loam, which is decomposed organic mater.
MAINTENANCE, PRUNING, SHAPING & TRIMMING• Once you have managed the skills of keeping a Bonsai healthy, it will need to be shaped and groomed as it shows.
• These processes maintain the existing form but provide the opportunity to adjust, improve and refine the shape of the tree.
• The upper branches generally grow the most vigorously.
• Trimming the new shoots of upper branches help fatten the trunks of developing Bonsai.
• Allow the lower branches to extend somewhat before pruning until they develop the required thickness or shape.
• This combination of techniques, result in a tree with a more delicate crown or top and strong lower branches.
• The most important point to remember when grooming Bonsai is that scissors are use to cut stems, not the foliage.
• Cut or trim shoots that grow vertical, upward or downward and maintain horizontal growth, the preferred style of Bonsai.
• Varies from 1 to 5 years depending on the size and age of the Bonsai.
• Check annually.
• If the root ball consists of long circular roots, forming a dense mass coiled in the shape of the pot base, its time to prune the roots.
• Comb out the roots and cut back a third to make space for more potting soil that allows free growth to resume.
• Place back in the same container or increase the pot size and inch or two at a time.
• The best time to do heavy root or branch pruning is in the spring. The longer days and warmer nights encourage strong renewed growth.

• Most Bonsai are hardy trees or shrubs not particularly susceptible to pest and diseases but if a problem occurs, it is important that you can recognize it in order to apply an effective remedy.