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Care Guides

BONSAI
CARE AND INFORMATION GUIDELINE
Bonsai have been known to be passed from generation to generation for many years and can live indefinitely if proper care and attention is given to them.

Light + Watering + Fertilizer = Strong Growth
PLACEMENT• Most Bonsai specimens need to acclimate to their new environment and may go thru some physical change before stabilizing.
• Bonsai need good lighting with a mix of full light and sun recommended.
• Although many species can handle full sun, it is recommended to avoid the prolonged intensity of full summer sun. We have found that a mix of full and filtered or partial sun works the best.
• An ordinary room can offer adequate warmth but nor the light or humidity levels required for strong growth.
• The recommended way to enjoy indoor Bonsai that are developed out doors is to bring them inside to display for a few days at a time then return them to their out door environment.
WATERING• The most important single factor in cultivating Bonsai is its watering routine.
• Due to the shallow pots and a shallow root system, Bonsai need frequent watering so they don't totally dry out between watering.
• The smaller the pot, the more frequently your Bonsai must be watered.
• Bonsai need more frequent watering during the growing season from spring to autumn.
• Indoor placement of Bonsai, require less watering than out door placement.
FERTILIZER• Bonsai that are not fed can survive but may not thrive.
• For best results, apply a balance of a fertilizer from spring thru autumn.
• Granules are a good choice as they take 3-4 weeks to break down.
• Use only as directed.
• All fertilizers show their analysis listed on the packaging with a ratio of the 3 main elements of essential plant nutrition.

The essential elements of plant nutrition listed in order as they ate shown on the packaging:
• 1st Number is Nitrogen (N) Promotes above grown growth
• 2nd Number is Phosphorus (P) Root development, Flowering trees, shrubs, bushes
• 3rd Number is Potassium (K) Encourages new growth
SOIL MIXTURE• Suitable requirement for a potting soil is that it should have good drainage to prevent root rot or waterlogged soil and its texture needs to be sufficiently loose to allow oxygen to circulate.
• It is not recommended to use store bough potting soil.
• Most suitable mixtures include mulch, pine bark, sand and loam, which is decomposed organic mater.
MAINTENANCE, PRUNING, SHAPING & TRIMMING• Once you have managed the skills of keeping a Bonsai healthy, it will need to be shaped and groomed as it shows.
• These processes maintain the existing form but provide the opportunity to adjust, improve and refine the shape of the tree.
• The upper branches generally grow the most vigorously.
• Trimming the new shoots of upper branches help fatten the trunks of developing Bonsai.
• Allow the lower branches to extend somewhat before pruning until they develop the required thickness or shape.
• This combination of techniques, result in a tree with a more delicate crown or top and strong lower branches.
• The most important point to remember when grooming Bonsai is that scissors are use to cut stems, not the foliage.
• Cut or trim shoots that grow vertical, upward or downward and maintain horizontal growth, the preferred style of Bonsai.
REPOTTING AND ROOT PRUNING
• Varies from 1 to 5 years depending on the size and age of the Bonsai.
• Check annually.
• If the root ball consists of long circular roots, forming a dense mass coiled in the shape of the pot base, its time to prune the roots.
• Comb out the roots and cut back a third to make space for more potting soil that allows free growth to resume.
• Place back in the same container or increase the pot size and inch or two at a time.
• The best time to do heavy root or branch pruning is in the spring. The longer days and warmer nights encourage strong renewed growth.
PESTS AND DISEASE

• Most Bonsai are hardy trees or shrubs not particularly susceptible to pest and diseases but if a problem occurs, it is important that you can recognize it in order to apply an effective remedy.